The Four Main Subjects

**This chart is a guide only to what is usually taught at each level in the four main learning
areas mathematics, english, social studies and science.
Not everything is mentioned and it may differ from country to country and in some cases from State to State...
back to
Reading Methods **/

**Year by Year Guide**

Kindergarten | 35 phonetic letter sounds are taught to basic reading. Include visuals, coordination exercises, music, phonetic drills, writing of the letters. Cover mathematical numbers 0-10 by reading, writing and viewing, using addition and subtraction. | |||

Mathematics | English | Social Studies | Science | |

Year 1 | Learn numbers in symbol and name from 0-100. Addition, subtraction, introduce a number line. Measurements of time, temperature and liquids. Basic geometric shapes. | Learn to read and write letters, make words and sentences. Compare words that rhyme. Use written language skills. | Relationships with parents, teachers and friends. Learn rules about obedience and the law. The world, work and freedom. | Plants, animals, weather, seasons, the earth, the sky, our bodies and senses. |

Year 2 | Review the number system and counting. Count by 2's - 5's and 10's. Identify odd & even numbers, carry and borrow, count large numbers, tell time, add and subtract money, recognize geometric shapes. | Begin to use cursive writing. Reading comprehension. Reading and writing original sentences. Written form of names of colours and numbers. | Influences of life like family, teachers, school friends, communities, rules, government, citizenship, transportation, communication and business. Change in society. | Health, foods, protection and safety rules, the body, plants, force, motion, the earth, geography, seasons, sun, moon and stars. |

Year 3 | Expand on basic addition and subtraction skills. Two and three digit addition and subtraction. Measurements and geometry is expanded. | Identify and apply basic elements of English grammar and sentence structure. Nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and basic sentence concepts. | Geography, natural resources, energy, cities, countries, history of various countries and governments. | The five senses, units of measure, animals and their needs, gravity, heat, matter, geology, and outer space. |

Year 4 | Review basic addition and subtraction facts, basic multiplication facts from 0-12. Multiply by one and two digit multipliers with carrying. Solving word problems, learn basic concepts of sets, number patterns, measurement, geometry, Roman numerals and money. | Review and expand on parts of speech and their uses. (nouns, verbs, pronouns, determiners etc.) Using reference books, dictionaries, encyclopedias, the card catalogue, almanacs, atlases and computer data. | World history and geography. Explorations, types of governments and economics. | Expand on biology and physical science with health, plants, light, sound, the earth and space. |

Year 5 | Division facts for 1 through to 12. Introduce fractions ½ through to one tenth and finding fractions of numbers. Multiplication review. Three and four digit multipliers, mental arithmetic, long hand practice (single digit divisors) with remainders. Review and expand on measurements. | Review English grammar and punctuation. English composition including letters, anecdotes, newspaper articles, advertisements and biographies. Cover areas of linguistics, literature and the use of the library. | Geography, history and government. Map studies of time-zones, States and regions. Constitution and economics. | Review and expand on biology, physical science, chemistry and geology. Microscopic plants and animals without backbones. Magnetism, simple machines, states and properties of matter. Geological theories. |

Year 6 | Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of fractions and mixed numbers. Introduction to decimals using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Review basic mathematical concepts. | Application of grammatical principles. Sentence structures like declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory. Telephone manners, interviews, research and writing reports. Early forms of literature like myth and fables. | World history tracing the history of ancient tribes and civilizations. Geography and review of government and economics. | Study of life, study of skin, animals with backbones, energy, electricity, laws of motion, archaeology and atmosphere. |

Year 7 | Review basic functions with whole numbers, fractions, mixed numbers and decimals. Introduction to percentages. Measurement in English and metric system, basic geometry concepts finding area and volume. Introduction to equations and algebra. | Composition using grammar in writing better structured sentences. Expand on research skills, write research papers and creative writing of short stories. | Governments and their foundations. Constitutions and branches of government, state and local government. Citizenship and foreign relations. | Review and expand what was previous learned. Life science including biology, zoology and ecology. |

Year 8 | Expand on algebra. Solving equations using formulas. Finding volume and surface area of solid figures. Pythagorean Theorem, business maths concepts like interest, investment, taxes and insurance. Metric system and adding positive and negative numbers. | Grammar is learned in more detail with areas covering expository and creative writing. Use of prefixes. Higher standards of literature. | Review history and expand with explorers of countries up to the 21st century. Geography, governments and economics. Religions. Space explorations | Earth science. Lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, meteorology, seismology, topography, mineralogy and ecology. |

Year 9 | Study on polynomials and their properties. Solving linear, quadratic, cubic and constant equations through factoring, adding, subtracting, dividing and multiplying. Study of sets, real numbers, axioms about real numbers and theorems about real numbers. Integers, number theory, rational numbers and absolute values. Graphing linear equations in two variables and slope and y-intercept. Solving two variable linear equations by adding, subtracting, dividing and multiplying. Laws of exponent division, quotients of polynomials, operations with rational expressions. Factoring monomials, regular and special polynomials, quadratic trinomials and solving equations by factoring. Formulas, quadratic equations, square root property and quadratic inequalities. | Review of comprehensive grammar. Nouns, verbs, prefixes and suffixes, verbals, use of modifiers (adjectives and adverbs), creative words and language. Phrases and clauses, sentences and paragraphs. Continue to increase higher standards of literature. | World history. Ancient civilizations. Middle ages, dark ages. Crusades, renaissance, discovery and explorations of new countries. Age of autocracy and revolution. World Wars, pre- and post-. Religions. Space explorations. | Study of matter and chemistry. Composition and states of matter, mixtures, solutions, colloids, kinetic-molecular theory and gas laws. Matter and atomic structure, ionic, covalent and metallic bonding. Acids, bases and PH; formulas, equations and reactions. Periodic Chart. Active metals, chemistry of carbon and silicon, oxides and metallurgy. Nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, halogens and rare gases. Water, oxygen and hydrogen and pollution. Electricity and magnetism. Wave theory. Radioactivity and space exploration. |

Year 10 | Analyzing geometric shapes, covering axioms and theorems, compute areas and volumes. Review sets, introduction to reasoning number systems and axioms for real numbers. Defined and undefined terms, point, line, plane and distance relationships with axioms and theorems. Angles with axioms, theorems and applications. Study perpendiculars, parallels and transversals with axioms, theorems. Polygons and quadrilaterals and the areas of polygons. Proportionality, similar polygons and similar triangles. Similar right angles, the Pythagorean theorem and basic trigonometry. Circles, arcs and angle measurements in circles. Polyhedrons and the area and volumes of cones, cylinders and spheres. | Advanced English grammar, root words, pronouns, modifiers, verbals and prefixes. Punctuation rules, synonyms, phrases and clauses, words in sentences, intonation, parallelism and adjuncts, redundancy, double negatives, prefixes and suffixes. Public speaking. | World history. geography, political backgrounds. Emergence of New Nations. Civil wars, industrialism its background, products and benefits. Immigration, urban problems, rural problems. Religions. Foreign and domestic relations. Space explorations. | Expand on biology. Scientific methods. Chemistry, organic, inorganic and biochemistry. Cell structures and genetics. Biogenesis, heredity and embryology. Study classification; its history, systems and problems. Algae, molds, fungi, viruses, bacteria and protozoa. Study of plants, invertebrates, vertebrates, human body, ecology and conservation. Environment, habitats, community, natural cycles, environmental problems and solutions. |

by Ingrid Griggs back to Reading Methods / Year by Year Guide