What they are like: Average age 10½ to 12 - Children at this age want to be like little adults. Often they are and many are quite mature. They want to take more control of their own lives and situations that arise each day. A great age to discuss all sorts of things without pre-conceived ideas. Take advantage of their willingness to learn.
What they should know: Be able to use encyclopedias and dictionaries with the ability to cross-reference. Read street directories and use a telephone book. Be able to locate names and places alphabetically. Use sentences correctly, grammar and spelling should be well constructed and correct. Use punctuation correctly, research and summarize. Be able to debate across a wide age group, not just their own peers. Use different strategies to solve Mathematical problems, read graphs, multiply fractions and decimals. Understand percentages.
Focus for the year: Children should understand that the responsibility for learning and achieving outcomes lies with them. Start considering the future and what they may like to do as a profession when they finish their education. Look at different job opportunities and maneuver children's interests in the right direction. Look at what they are really good at and what they enjoy and focus on future employment in those areas. This may seem rather early in life but you will find that those who have no focus early in life often have problems focusing on this issue later on in life.
Important subjects: All subjects are important but continue to concentrate on good English and Mathematical skills. These will hold any child in good stead. Health and personal development will need to be discussed as children are maturing at this stage. Using Biblical concepts and examples will help children look at sexuality and personal development from a Godly point of view. Introduction of technical drawing in the area of dimension depth perspective will further encourage their artistic abilities.
Best way to help: Be there when they need you. Guide them firmly but in love. Show respect for their privacy and their property such as bedrooms, special boxes and drawers where they keep their little treasures. Don't be involved in too many activities and don't let your children be run off their feet each day with sporting activities or other engagements. Not only you will become stressed out, they will too! Balance activities, chores and schoolwork as much as possible. Keep tabs on their eating habits and ensure plenty of nutritious food is available. Avoid sugary and fatty foods as child obesity is not uncommon at this age. Encourage plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
What they are like: Average age 11½ to 13 - At this stage children like to be young adults who often expect to be treated as such. Sensitive and cautious in many ways, yet full of enthusiasm and zest for life. They often consider schoolwork a drudge. Encouragement, varied incentives and enthusiasm on your part is absolutely necessary.
What they should know: They should be able to effectively use many types of reference books with the ability to cross-reference. Read street directories and use a telephone book accurately. Use correct grammar and have good spelling. Use punctuation correctly, research and summarize. Be able to debate across a wide age group, not just their own peers. Use different strategies to solve Mathematical problems, read graphs, multiply fractions and decimals. Understand percentages and basic algebra should be introduced in the second half of the year.
Focus for the year: They should understand that the responsibility for learning and achieving outcomes lies with them. As in year six, still consider the future and what they may like to do as a profession when they finish their education. examine different job opportunities and steer children's interests in the right direction. encourage what they are really good at, what they enjoy and focus on future employment in those areas. This may seem early in life but you will find that those who have no focus early in life often have problems focusing on these issues later on. Make sure that children advancing to secondary school are able to work effectively and independently, showing mature study habits.
Important subjects: Continue to concentrate on advanced English and advanced Mathematical skills. Technology becomes more important, especially computer and Internet knowledge which will be used extensively during secondary schooling, so a good grounding is necessary. All other subjects are just as important. Expanding on artistic abilities and introducing a second language is acceptable at this stage.
Best way to help: Children can be obnoxious and disrespectful at this age if early behaviour was not guided properly. This can be rectified however with plenty of patience and love. Discuss behavioral problems with your partner if you have one, but not in front of your child. Have a separate discussion with your child at their comprehension level so they can understand that as a home school family you must pull together or fall apart. Each one has their respective jobs to complete and this needs to be done properly in order to have a harmonious family atmosphere.