Goats are a useful domestic animal and supply people with milk, cheese, wool, meat and leather. They are ruminants and eat grasses and shrubs. Goats can live on coarse, thin growth and are often raised on land that is not fertile enough to support cattle or sheep. Most male goats have a terrible odour when they are ready to mate. They also have a long beard on the chin. The goat's tail is short and turns upward. The hollow horns grow upward from the head. Male goats are called rams or billys, but goat breeders prefer to call them bucks. Females are called does or nannys. Young goats are known as kids until they are old enough to reproduce sexually. The gestation period is about 21 weeks. They usually bear one to three kids at a time. A few hours after birth the kids are able to follow their mothers around.


Most wild goats live in herds in the mountains of southeastern Europe and Asia. The average herd has about 5 to 20 members. Some wild goats migrate and graze high in the mountains in springtime but in autumn or winter they move to lower slopes or valleys to avoid the cold mountain snow. Goat's milk is easier to digest than cow's milk. It is said to be more beneficial for infants and for people with allergy related problems. Goat cheeses are made in many countries.


Research the following breeds of goats, French-Alpine, Toggenburg, Saanen, Angoras and Cashmeres. After reading about each one decide which breed you would like to write about. Elaborate on points such as domestic usefulness, diet, explain the meaning of the word ruminants and compliment your essay with pictures.



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