William Ramsay 1852-1916

 Atomic number 36   *    Krypton Kr.  *    Atomic weight 83.8 

Krypton is obtained by fractional distillation of liquid air. Krypton is an inert gas and occurs in the air. It is used to fill vacuum tubes and light bulbs. Krypton is a chemical element and was discovered by the British chemist Sir William Ramsay in 1898. Ramsay discovered five of the noble gases. He extracted samples of most of the gases of air. He named them argon (from the Greek word for inactive), neon (new), xenon (stranger) and krypton (hidden). Helium (Sun) had been detected in the Sun's spectrum.

The noble gases are the elements that form group O of the periodic table. The six noble gases are so inert, or stable, that they rarely react with other materials. In chemistry, -noble- means unreactive. The noble gases have no smell, colour, taste and do not burn. The noble gases are, in order of lightest to heaviest: helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon and radon. Radon is the heaviest of the noble gases, is radioactive and can cause lung cancer if inhaled in large enough quantities.

  Crossword Worksheet pdf


About 99% of our atmosphere is made up of nitrogen and oxygen. The gases in the remaining 
1% are argon, carbon dioxide and tiny amounts of hydrogen, ozone, methane, carbon monoxide, helium, neon, krypton and xenon. The amount of water vapour depends on temperature and humidity.

your assignment


kripton periodic table, atomic number, name, abbreviation, atomic weight


Glass tubes filled with gases that produce coloured light are used in decorative lighting for shops, advertising or party-lights in the home. Neon and other noble gases, such as argon and krypton are used for this. Coloured lighting is not really suitable for the home or work where white light is needed.

Coloured Light
Bulb Used

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