Estimate population 4,352,200 - Capital City Brazzaville
The Republic of the Congo lies west of Zaire, east of Gabon and south of Cameroon and the Central African Republic. One of its principal ports is Pointe-Noire. The Congo, or Zaire, and Ubangi rivers form Congo's east boundary. Congo became an independent republic in 1960.
The population of the republic is small. The main ethnic groups are the Bakongo, the Ubangi, the Teke, and the Sanga. There are several small bands of Binga Pygmies, as well as people from Portugal, China and refugees from Zaire. Kongo and Teke are major traditional languages but French is the official language.