Estimate population 2,204,800 - Capital City Nouakchott
Mauritania is located in north-western Africa and covers an area of approximately 1,030,800 square kilometres (398,000 square miles). It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, and Senegal.
A variety of wildlife like the antelope, lion, elephant, gazelle, ostrich, panther, and lynx are mostly found in the south. Floodplains of the Senegal River and its tributaries support Mauritania's farming population.