Estimate population 2,191,580 - Capital: Riga
Latvia is one of the three Baltic states that gained independence in 1991, from Russia. Latvian is the official language, but Lithuanian, and Russian are also used in this delightful country. It borders Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia. Fantastic sights to behold are glacial deposits, the Kurzeme Uplands, the Vidzeme Uplands, the Latgale Uplands which contain many small lakes, the Zemgale Plain, and the largest river Daugava, or Western Dvina. History goes back centuries and to get a real taste of their culture one must visit Latvia.