Estimate population 294,300 - Capital: Reykjavik
Just south of the Arctic Circle, southeast of Greenland, west of Norway, and northwest of Scotland you'll find the captivating island of Iceland. It is sparsely populated, covered in glaciers which are permanent snow and ice fields and it has areas that have an active volcanic surface. Because hot lava is near the surface many geysers or hot springs are formed. The steam and hot water is used to heat the homes and buildings of Reykjavik. The captivating ice caps and rugged terrain is certainly a lifetime experience and highly recommended.