Estimate population 221,600 - Capital: Port-Vila
Vanuatu consists of 12 islands and 60 islets located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It was also known as New Hebrides and is situated about 1,900 kilometres (1,200 miles) east of Australia. The capital and largest city is Vila located on Efate, the main island. Active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes make Vanuatu vulnerable to natural damage. French, English, and Bislama, a Melanesian pidgin are spoken.